Safety and Efficacy of Direct Oral Anticoagulants Versus Warfarin in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease and Atrial Fibrillation.
Am J Cardiol. 2019 Nov 01;:
Authors: Makani A, Saba S, Jain SK, Bhonsale A, Sharbaugh MS, Thoma F, Wang Y, Marroquin OC, Lee JS, Estes NAM, Mulukutla SR
Patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) commonly have impaired renal function. The safety and efficacy of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease has not been fully elucidated. This study evaluated and compared the safety outcomes of DOACs versus warfarin in patients with nonvalvular AF and concomitant CKD. Patients in our health system with AF prescribed oral anticoagulants during 2010 to 2017 were identified. All-cause mortality, bleeding and hemorrhagic, and ischemic stroke were evaluated based on degree of renal impairment and method of anticoagulation. There were 21,733 patients with a CHA2DS2-VASc score of ≥2 included in this analysis. Compared with warfarin, DOAC use in patients with impaired renal function was associated with lower risk of mortality with a hazard ratio (HR): 0.76 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.70 to 0.84, p value <0.001) in patients with eGFR >60, HR 0.74 (95% CI 0.68 to 0.81, p value <0.001) in patients with eGFR >30 to 60, and HR 0.76 (95% CI 0.63 to 0.92, p value <0.001) in patients with eGFR ≤30 or on dialysis. Bleeding requiring hospitalization was also less in the DOAC group with a HR 0.93 (95% CI 0.82 to 1.04, p value 0.209) in patients with eGFR >60, HR 0.83 (95% CI 0.74 to 0.94, p value 0.003) in patients with eGFR >30 to 60, and HR 0.69 (95% CI 0.50 to 0.93, p value 0.017) in patients with eGFR ≤30 or on dialysis. In conclusion, in comparison to warfarin, DOACs appear to be safe and effective with a lower risk of all-cause mortality and lower bleeding across all levels of CKD.
PMID: 31780073 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]