Value of Neutrophil to Lymphocyte Ratio and Its Trajectory in Patients Hospitalized With Acute Heart Failure and Preserved Ejection Fraction.
Am J Cardiol. 2019 Oct 26;:
Authors: Boralkar KA, Kobayashi Y, Amsallem M, Ataam JA, Moneghetti KJ, Cauwenberghs N, Horne BD, Knowlton KU, Maecker H, Kuznetsova T, Heidenreich PA, Haddad F
The neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been proposed as a simple and routinely obtained marker of inflammation. This study sought to determine whether the NLR on admission as well as NLR trajectory would be complementary to the Get with the Guidelines Heart Failure (GWTG-HF) risk score in patients hospitalized with acute heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF).Using the Stanford Translational Research Database, we identified 443 patients between January 2002 and December 2013 hospitalized with acute HFpEF and with complete data of NLR both on admission and at discharge. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality. Mean age was 77 ± 16 years, 58% were female, with a high prevalence of diabetes mellitus (35.4%), coronary artery disease (58.2%), systemic hypertension (96.6%) and history of atrial fibrillation (57.5%). Over a median follow-up of 2.2 years, 121 (27.3%) patients died. The median NLR on admission was 6.5 (IQR 3.6 - 11.1); a majority of patients decreased their NLR during the course of hospitalization. On multivariable Cox modeling, both NLR on admission (HR 1.18 95% CI (1.00 - .38), p = 0.04) and absolute NLR trajectory (HR 1.26 95% CI (1.10 - 1.45), p = 0.001) were shown to be incremental to GWTG-HF risk score (p < 0.05) for outcome prediction. Adding the NLR or absolute NLR trajectory to the GWTG-HF risk score significantly improved the area under the operator-receiver curve and the reclassification up to 3 years after admission.This simple, readily available marker of inflammation may be useful when stratifying the risk of patients hospitalized with HFpEF.
PMID: 31753313 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]