Multicomponent, nonpharmacological delirium interventions for older inpatients : A scoping review.

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Multicomponent, nonpharmacological delirium interventions for older inpatients : A scoping review.

Z Gerontol Geriatr. 2019 Nov;52(Suppl 4):229-242

Authors: Eckstein C, Burkhardt H

BACKGROUND: Older people represent a risk group for acquiring or further development of delirium during hospitalization, therefore requiring suitable nonpharmacological delirium interventions.
OBJECTIVE: This scoping review analyzed nonpharmacological intervention programs for older inpatients with or without cognitive decline on regular or acute geriatric wards to present the range of interventions.
METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using scientific databases. A total of 4652 records were screened by two independent reviewers, leaving 81 eligible articles for full-text screening and 25 studies were finally included. Inclusion criteria were older patients ≥65 years in regular or acute geriatric wards and nonpharmacological multicomponent interventions.
RESULTS: More than a half of the included studies (14, 56%) recruited patients with pre-existing cognitive decline as part of the study population and 12% focused exclusively on patients with cognitive decline. On average 11 intervention components were integrated in the programs and two programs included full coverage of all 18 identified components.
CONCLUSION: Only few programs were described for older inpatients and even fewer regarding pre-existing cognitive decline. The low numbers of interventions and data heterogeneity restricted the assessment of outcomes; however, delirium incidence, as reported by two thirds of the studies was reduced by nonpharmacological multicomponent interventions.

PMID: 31628611 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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