Clinical outcomes of acute pancreatitis in patients with cirrhosis.

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Clinical outcomes of acute pancreatitis in patients with cirrhosis.

Pancreatology. 2019 Nov 09;:

Authors: Simons-Linares CR, Romero-Marrero C, Jang S, Bhatt A, Lopez R, Vargo J, Stevens T, Carey W, Chahal P

BACKGROUND: AP outcomes in cirrhotic patients have not yet been studied. We aim to investigate the outcomes of cirrhotics patients with acute pancreatitis.
METHODS: The National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database (2003-2013) was queried for patients with a discharge diagnosis of AP and liver cirrhosis. Cirrhosis was further classified as compensated and decompensated using the validated Baveno IV criteria. Primary outcome was inpatient mortality. The analysis was adjusted for age, gender, race, Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), median income quartile, and hospital characteristics.
RESULTS: Over 2.8 million patients with acute pancreatitis were analyzed. Cirrhosis prevalence was 2.8% (80,093). Both compensated and decompensated cirrhosis subjects had significantly higher mortality. Highest odds ratios (OR) were: inpatient mortality (OR 3.4, P < 0.001), Shock (OR 1.5, P = 0.02), Ileus (OR: 1.3, p = 0.02, ARDS (OR 1.2, p = 0.03), upper endoscopy performed (OR 2.0, p < 0.001), blood transfusions (OR 3.1, p < 0.001), gastrointestinal bleed (OR 5.5, p < 0.001), sepsis (OR 1.3, p = 0.005), portal vein thrombosis (PVT) (OR 7.2, p < 0.001), acute cholecystitis (OR 1.3, p < 0.001). Interestingly, cirrhosis patients had lower hospital length of stay, (OR 0.16, p < 0.001), AKI (OR 0.93, p = 0.06), myocardial infarction (OR 0.31, p < 0.001), SIRS (OR 0.62, p < 0.001), parenteral nutrition requirement (OR 0.84, p = 0.002). Decompensated cirrhosis had higher inflation-adjusted hospital charges (+$3896.60; p < 0.001).
CONCLUSION: AP patients with cirrhosis have higher inpatient mortality, but it is unlikely to be due to AP severity as patients had lower incidence of SIRS and AKI. Higher mortality is possibly related to complications of cirrhosis and portal hypertension itself such as GI bleed, shock, PVT, AC and sepsis.

PMID: 31734110 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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