Comparing the predictive ability of a commercial artificial intelligence early warning system with physician judgement for clinical deterioration in hospitalised general internal medicine patients: a prospective observational study.
BMJ Open. 2019 Oct 10;9(10):e032187
Authors: Arnold J, Davis A, Fischhoff B, Yecies E, Grace J, Klobuka A, Mohan D, Hanmer J
OBJECTIVE: Our study compares physician judgement with an automated early warning system (EWS) for predicting clinical deterioration of hospitalised general internal medicine patients.
DESIGN: Prospective observational study of clinical predictions made at the end of the daytime work-shift for an academic general internal medicine floor team compared with the risk assessment from an automated EWS collected at the same time.
SETTING: Internal medicine teaching wards at a single tertiary care academic medical centre in the USA.
PARTICIPANTS: Intern physicians working on the internal medicine wards and an automated EWS (Rothman Index by PeraHealth).
OUTCOME: Clinical deterioration within 24 hours including cardiac or pulmonary arrest, rapid response team activation or unscheduled intensive care unit transfer.
RESULTS: We collected predictions for 1874 patient days and saw 35 clinical deteriorations (1.9%). The area under the receiver operating curve (AUROC) for the EWS was 0.73 vs 0.70 for physicians (p=0.571). A linear regression model combining physician and EWS predictions had an AUROC of 0.75, outperforming physicians (p=0.016) and the EWS (p=0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: There is no significant difference in the performance of the EWS and physicians in predicting clinical deterioration at 24 hours on an inpatient general medicine ward. A combined model outperformed either alone. The EWS and physicians identify partially overlapping sets of at-risk patients suggesting they rely on different cues or decision rules for their predictions.
TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT02648828.
PMID: 31601602 [PubMed - in process]