Evaluation of a Pharmacist-Driven Protocol to Reduce Inappropriate Use of Acid-Suppressive Medications In the Non-ICU Setting.
P T. 2019 Aug;44(8):471-473
Authors: Mersfelder TL, Jacob C, Lam JK, Kavanaugh KJ, Molnar CM
Purpose: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and histamine-2 receptor antagonists (H2 blockers) continue to be over utilized for stress ulcer prophylaxis (SUP). Our study aims to evaluate the effectiveness and feasibility of a pharmacist-driven termination protocol in a community teaching hospital to limit the inappropriate use of acid-suppressive medications in the non-intensive care unit (ICU) setting.
Methods: Patient charts were evaluated for the appropriate use of PPIs or H2 blockers. A centralized pharmacist contacted healthcare providers for medication discontinuation if the acid suppressant use was deemed inappropriate. The primary outcome of the study was the number of patients who had acid-suppressive medication discontinued after the implementation of the pharmacist-driven termination protocol.
Results: Acid-suppressive medication was inappropriately prescribed for nine patients. It was discontinued for eight of those patients based on the pharmacist-driven termination protocol; this was a statistically significant decrease (P < 0.001). The pharmacist spent, on average, less than one minute on each patient's chart.
Conclusion: Our study revealed that a pharmacist-driven termination protocol resulted in a 6% overall reduction rate in inappropriately used acid-suppressive medications, with little impact on pharmacist workflow. Implementing such a termination protocol could help to decrease the inappropriate use of acid-suppressive medications in an inpatient hospital service.
PMID: 31447534 [PubMed]