Left Ventricular Assist Device Therapy in Older Adults: Addressing Common Clinical Questions.
J Am Geriatr Soc. 2019 Aug 10;:
Authors: DeFilippis EM, Nakagawa S, Maurer MS, Topkara VK
OBJECTIVES: To review the literature and summarize the evidence for left ventricular assist device (LVAD) use in older adults (aged >75 years), highlighting patient selection, day-to-day life with an LVAD, age-specific complications, and end-of-life considerations.
DESIGN: Contemporary review of current literature on LVAD therapy in older adults.
RESULTS: There is a paucity of data on LVAD use and outcomes in adults older than 75 years and even less commonly are such devices implanted in those older than 80 years. Candidates and recipients of this age often have multiple chronic conditions and extracardiac impairments, which can negatively affect their short-term outcomes and daily experience following LVAD implantation. Therefore, selection prior to implant should incorporate end-organ function, nutritional status, measures of frailty, neurocognitive status, and social support, among others, to determine the patient population most likely to benefit from such therapy.
CONCLUSION: When LVAD therapy is utilized in an older adult, the needs for multidisciplinary team management and expertise in palliative care are essential. More age-specific outcome data are required to help inform providers, patients, and caregivers.
PMID: 31400228 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]