Evaluating Effectiveness of an Acute Rehabilitation Program in Hospital-Associated Deconditioning.
J Geriatr Phys Ther. 2019 Aug 05;:
Authors: Suriyaarachchi P, Chu L, Bishop A, Thew T, Matthews K, Cowan R, Gunawardene P, Duque G
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Acute hospitalization can result in significant decline in functional ability, known as hospital-associated deconditioning. Older adults are most vulnerable, with resultant functional difficulties and increased risk of institutionalization. This study evaluates the effectiveness of a multidisciplinary acute rehabilitation program in hospital-associated deconditioning on routinely collected outcome data to examine its impact to determine whether a controlled trial is warranted.
METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of the hospital database for the national rehabilitation clinical registry for 2013 and 2014. We analyzed responses from patient feedback questionnaires over a 2-year period to assess patient experience of the rehabilitation program.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: The analysis included 289 patients referred to our acute rehabilitation program. A majority was aged 81 to 90 years representing 47% (n = 137) of all admissions. The main impairment group was deconditioning (54%). The median entry time to the acute rehabilitation program for this impairment group was 5 days from admission and length of stay in the rehabilitation program was 9 days. Many of these patients (57%) were directly discharged home, with only 21% needing transfer for inpatient rehabilitation. The average functional independence measure gain was 22 for the patients directly discharged home, with an average discharge functional independence measure of 94/126. Of the patient feedback responses received (response rate: 24%), 96% rated the program as very good or good.We observed improved functional outcomes among program participants, with the majority directly discharged home, reduced transfer to rehabilitation hospitals, and patient acceptance of this acute rehabilitation program.
CONCLUSION: These promising results suggest that a more rigorous evaluation of this acute rehabilitation program in the management of hospital-associated deconditioning is warranted.
PMID: 31389854 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]