Trends in the Management of Acute Heart Failure Requiring Intensive Care.

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Trends in the Management of Acute Heart Failure Requiring Intensive Care.

Am J Cardiol. 2019 Jul 24;:

Authors: Shirakabe A, Kobayashi N, Okazaki H, Matsushita M, Shibata Y, Goda H, Shigihara S, Asano K, Kiuchi K, Hata N, Asai K, Shimizu W

The aim of the present study was to elucidate trends in managing acute heart failure (AHF) patients who require intensive care over a 19-year period. We evaluated a total of 1,475 AHF patients, comparing patient backgrounds, in-hospital management, and prognosis according to the year of admission (2000s group, n = 608 and 2010s group, n = 867). A multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that age (≥75 years; odds ratio [OR] 1.334, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.048 to 1.700), systolic blood pressure (<100 mm Hg; OR 1.934, 95% CI 1.170 to 3.198), left ventricular ejection fraction (>40%; OR 1.441, 95% CI 1.125 to 1.847), and prognostic nutritional index (severe; OR 1.865, 95% CI 1.224 to 2.841) were independently associated with admission in the 2010s group. The use of intra-aortic balloon pumping and noninvasive positive pressure ventilation increased significantly, whereas the need for endotracheal intubation and administration of furosemide and carperitide in the 2010s group decreased significantly compared with the 2000s group. Tolvaptan therapy was introduced from 2010. The duration of intensive care unit admission and total hospitalization in the 2010s group (4 [3 to 6] and 23 [15 to 40] days, respectively) were significantly shorter than in the 2000s group (5 [4 to 8] and 30 [20 to 54] days, respectively). A Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis showed the survival rate of the 2010s group was significantly poorer compared with the 2000s group (hazards ratio 1.435, 95% CI 1.113 to 1.851). After propensity score matching, the 365-day mortality rates of the 2 groups did not significantly differ. In conclusion, the condition of AHF patients became more critical year by year, leading to poorer long-term prognosis despite improved treatment strategy. These findings will be useful for managing AHF in the next pandemic era.

PMID: 31383351 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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