Predictors of early seizure recurrence among elderly inpatients admitted to a tertiary center: A prospective cohort study.
Epilepsy Behav. 2019 Jul 30;98(Pt A):145-152
Authors: Assis T, Bacellar A, Costa G, Pires E, Nascimento O
PURPOSE: Early seizure recurrence is common among elderly inpatients and is related to increased morbidity and a longer length of hospital stay. There are few studies on the short-term outcomes of seizures in the elderly population. We aimed to identify the predictors of early seizure recurrence among elderly inpatients.
METHODS: We prospectively enrolled patients aged 60 years and older from a tertiary center who had seizures that either led to their hospital admission or occurred during hospitalization. We analyzed the demographic and hospitalization data, characteristics and etiology of seizures, and neurological and clinical comorbidities. Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed to determine the 30-day cumulative recurrence rates. The logrank test was used to analyze the risk of seizure recurrence within 30 days after the index seizure. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to identify risk factors for the recurrence of seizures within 30 days.
RESULTS: Overall, 109 patients (mean age: 75.9 ± 9.6 years) were enrolled. The mean age at the first-ever seizure was 74 ± 11.7 years. Unprovoked seizures occurred in 59.6% of the patients. Cerebrovascular disorders were the most prevalent etiology (52.3%). Early seizure recurrence, defined as within 30 days, occurred in 27.5% of patients. Multimorbidity was found in 95.4% of our inpatients (6.3 ± 2.3 [95% confidence interval, 5.4-7.2]), and the number of comorbidities was higher among those who had seizure recurrence than that among those who did not have seizure recurrence (p = 0.02). The probability of seizure recurrence was similar among the subgroups of patients who experienced acute seizures versus unprovoked seizures (both p = 0.03), and seizure recurrence was associated with a longer length of hospital stay (p = 0.005) compared to that of patients who did not experience seizure recurrence. After multivariate analysis, sepsis (p = 0.011), psychiatric disorders (p = 0.032), and cardiac arrhythmias (p = 0.037) were identified as risk factors for early seizure recurrence.
CONCLUSIONS: Higher multimorbidity and a longer length of stay were associated with early seizure recurrence; and sepsis, psychiatric disorders, and cardiac arrhythmias were independent risk factors for early seizure recurrence among elderly inpatients.
PMID: 31374470 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]