Risk scores identifying elderly inpatients at risk of 30-day unplanned readmission and accident and emergency department visit: a systematic review.
BMJ Open. 2019 Jul 29;9(7):e028302
Authors: Schwab C, Hindlet P, Sabatier B, Fernandez C, Korb-Savoldelli V
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to describe and analyse the performance statistics of validated risk scores identifying elderly inpatients at risk of early unplanned readmission.
DATA SOURCES: We identified potentially eligible studies by searching MEDLINE, EMBASE, COCHRANE and Web of Science. Our search was restricted to original studies, between 1966 and 2018.
ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Original studies, which internally or externally validated the clinical scores of hospital readmissions in elderly inpatients.
DATA EXTRACTION AND SYNTHESIS: A data extraction grid based on Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology and Transparent reporting of a multivariable prediction model for individual prognosis or diagnosis statements was developed and completed by two reviewers to collect general data. The same process was used to extract metrological data of the selected scores.
QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF THE INCLUDED STUDIES: Assessment of the quality and risk of bias in individual studies was performed by two reviewers, using the validated Effective Public Health Practice Project quality assessment tool.
PARTICIPANTS: Elderly inpatients discharged to home from hospital or returning home after an accident and emergency department visit.
RESULTS: A total of 12 studies and five different scores were included in the review. The five scores present area under the receiving operating characteristic curve between 0.445 and 0.69. Identification of Senior At Risk (ISAR) and Triage Risk Screening Tool (TRST) scores were the more frequently validated scores with ISAR being more sensitive and TRST more specific.
CONCLUSIONS: The TRST and ISAR scores have been extensively studied and validated. The choice of the most suitable score relies on available patient data, patient characteristics and the foreseen clinical care intervention. In order to pair the intervention with the appropriate clinical score, further studies of external validation of clinical scores, identifying elderly patients at risk of early unplanned readmission, are needed.
PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42017054516.
PMID: 31362964 [PubMed - in process]