Reducing readmission rates through a discharge follow-up service.
Future Healthc J. 2019 Jun;6(2):114-117
Authors: Vernon D, Brown JE, Griffiths E, Nevill AM, Pinkney M
Approximately 15% of elderly patients are readmitted within 28 days of discharge. This costs the NHS and patients. Previous studies show telephone contact with patients -post-discharge can reduce readmission rates. This service -evaluation used a cohort design and compared 30-day emergency readmission rate in patients identified to receive a community nurse follow-up with patients where no attempt was made. 756 patients across seven hospital wards were -identified; 303 were identified for the intervention and 453 in a -comparison group. Hospital admission and readmission data was extracted over 6 months. Where an attempt to contact a patient was made post-discharge, the readmission rate was 9.24% compared to 15.67% where no attempt to -contact was made (p=0.011). After adjustment for -confounding using logistic regression, there was evidence of reduced readmissions in the 'attempt to contact' group odds ratio = 1.93 (95% c-onfidence interval = 1.06-3.52, p=0.033). Of the patients who community nurses attempted to contact, 288 were contacted, and 202 received a home visit with general practitioner -referral and medications advice being the most common -interventions initiated. This service evaluation shows that a simple intervention where community nurses attempt to contact and visit geriatric patients after discharge causes a significant reduction in 30-day hospital readmissions.
PMID: 31363517 [PubMed]