Factors Associated With Adherence to Helicobacter pylori Testing During Hospitalization for Bleeding Peptic Ulcer Disease.
Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2019 Jul 25;:
Authors: Hung KW, Knotts RM, Faye AS, Pont AR, Lebwohl B, Abrams JA, Freedberg DE
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Guidelines recommend testing patients with peptic ulcer disease for Helicobacter pylori infection. We sought to identify factors associated with adherence to testing for H pylori in patients hospitalized for bleeding ulcers and to evaluate whether performing these tests affect risk for rebleeding.
METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 830 inpatients who underwent endoscopy from 2011 through 2016 for gastrointestinal bleeding from gastric or duodenal ulcers. We searched electronic medical records for evidence of tests to detect H pylori by biopsy, serologic, or stool antigen analyses. We used multivariable models to identify clinical, demographic, and endoscopic factors associated with testing for H pylori. Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed to determine whether H pylori testing altered risk for the composite outcome of rebleeding or death within 1 year of admission.
RESULTS: Among the patients hospitalized for bleeding peptic ulcer disease during the 6-year period, 19% were not tested for H pylori within 60 days of index endoscopy. Hospitalization in the intensive care unit (ICU) was the factor most frequently associated with nonadherence to H pylori testing guidelines (only 66% of patients in the ICU were tested vs 90% of patients not in the ICU; P<.01), even after we adjusted for ulcer severity, coagulation status, extent of blood loss, and additional factors (adjusted odds ratio, 0.42, 95% CI 0.27-0.66). Testing for H pylori was associated with a 51% decreased risk of rebleeding or death during the year after admission (adjusted hazard ratio 0.49; 95% CI 0.36-0.67).
CONCLUSIONS: In an analysis of hospitalized patients who underwent endoscopy for gastrointestinal bleeding from gastric or duodenal ulcers, we found admission to the ICU to be associated with failure to test for H pylori infection. Failure to test for H pylori was independently associated with increased risk of rebleeding or death within 1 year of hospital admission. We need strategies to increase testing for H pylori among inpatients with bleeding ulcers.
PMID: 31352090 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]