Potential drug-drug interactions among pneumonia patients: do these matter in clinical perspectives?

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Potential drug-drug interactions among pneumonia patients: do these matter in clinical perspectives?

BMC Pharmacol Toxicol. 2019 Jul 26;20(1):45

Authors: Noor S, Ismail M, Ali Z

BACKGROUND: Pneumonia patients are usually hospitalized due to severe nature of the disease or for the management of comorbid illnesses or associated symptoms. Such patients are prescribed with multiple medications which increase the likelihood of potential drug-drug interactions (pDDIs). Therefore, in this study the prevalence, levels (severity and documentation), predictors (risk factors), and clinical relevance of pDDIs among inpatients diagnosed with pneumonia have been investigated.
METHODS: Clinical records of 431 hospitalized patients with pneumonia were checked for pDDIs using drug interactions screening software (Micromedex-DrugReax). Odds-ratios for predictors were calculated using logistic regression analysis. Clinical relevance of pDDIs was assessed by evaluation of patients' clinical profiles for potential adverse outcomes of the most frequent pDDIs. Abnormal patients' signs/symptoms and laboratory investigations indicating adverse outcomes of interactions were reported.
RESULTS: Of total 431 profiles, pDDIs were reported in 73.1%. Almost half of the profiles were having major-pDDIs (53.8%). Total number of pDDIs were 1318, of which 606 were moderate- and 572 were major-pDDIs. Patient's profiles identified with the most frequent interactions were presented with signs, symptoms, and abnormalities in labs indicating decrease therapeutic response, electrolyte abnormalities, hypoglycemia, bleeding, hepatotoxicity, and hypertension. These adverse events were more prevalent in patients taking higher doses of the interacting drugs as compared to lower doses. Logistic regression analysis revealed significant association for major-pDDIs with 6-10 prescribed medicines (OR = 26.1; p = 0.002), > 10 prescribed medicines (OR = 144; p <  0.001), and tuberculosis (OR = 8.2; p = 0.004).
CONCLUSIONS: PDDIs are highly prevalent in patients with pneumonia. Most frequent and clinically important pDDIs need particular attention. Polypharmacy and tuberculosis increase the risk of pDDIs. Identifying patients more at risk to pDDIs and careful monitoring of pertinent signs/symptoms and laboratory investigations are important measures to reduce pDDIs and their related adverse consequences.

PMID: 31349877 [PubMed - in process]

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