Metabolic Acidosis in Critically Ill Cirrhotic Patients with Acute Kidney Injury.
J Clin Transl Hepatol. 2019 Jun 28;7(2):112-121
Authors: Sun DQ, Zhang L, Zheng CF, Liu WY, Zheng KI, Chen XM, Zheng MH, Yuan WJ
Background and Aims: The metabolic acid-base disorders have a high incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) in critically ill cirrhotic patients (CICPs). The aims of our study were to ascertain the composition of metabolic acidosis of CICPs with AKI and explore its relationship with hospital mortality. Methods: Three-hundred and eighty consecutive CICPs with AKI were eligible for the cohort study. Demographic, clinical and laboratory parameters were recorded and arterial acid-base state was analyzed by the Stewart and Gilfix methodology. Results: Net metabolic acidosis, lactic acidosis, acidosis owing to unmeasured anions, acidemia, and dilutional acidosis were less frequent in the non-survival group compared to the survival group of CICPs. The presence of acidemia, acidosis owing to unmeasured anions, and lactic acidosis were independently associated with increased risk of intensive care unit 30-day mortality, with hazard ratios of 2.11 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.43-3.12), 3.38 (95% CI: 2.36-4.84), and 2.16 (95% CI: 1.47-3.35), respectively. After full adjustment for confounders, the relationship between acidosis owing to unmeasured anions with hospital mortality was still significant, with hazard ratio of 2.29 (95% CI: 1.22-4.30). Furthermore, arterial lactate concentration in combination with chronic liver failure-sequential organ failure assessment and BEUMA had the strongest ability to differentiate 30-day mortality (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve: 0.79, 95% CI: 0.74-0.83). Conclusions: CICPs with AKI exhibit a complex metabolic acidosis during intensive care unit admission. Lactic acidosis and BEUMA, novel markers of acid-base disorders, show promise in predicting mortality rate of CICPs with AKI.
PMID: 31293910 [PubMed]