Procalcitonin Clearance at 24, 48, 72, and 96 Hours and Mortality in Patients With Cancer and Sepsis: A Retrospective Cohort Study.
J Intensive Care Med. 2019 Jul 08;:885066619861588
Authors: Nassar AP, Nassif BN, Dos Santos DVV, Caruso P
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have evaluated procalcitonin clearance (PCTc) as a marker of sepsis severity but at different time points and cutoffs. We aimed to assess the predictive performance of PCTc at different time points of sepsis management in patients with cancer.
METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included patients with cancer admitted to an intensive care unit between 2013 and 2016. We calculated PCTc at 24, 48, 72, and 96 hours after admission. Its predictive performance for hospital and 90-day mortality was analyzed with receiver operating characteristic curves and areas under the curves (AUCs). Sensitivity and specificity were calculated for different time points using different cutoffs.
RESULTS: We included 301 patients. Areas under the curves ranged from 0.62 for PCTc at 24 hours to 0.68 for PCTc at 72 and 96 hours for hospital mortality prediction, and from 0.61 for PCTc at 24 hours to 0.68 for PCTc at 72 hours for 90-day mortality prediction. For hospital mortality prediction, PCTc at 72 hours ≤80% showed the best sensitivity (96.0%; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 90.8%-98.7%), and PCTc at 96 hours ≤50% showed the best specificity (70.7%; 95% CI: 54.5%-83.9%).
CONCLUSIONS: Procalcitonin clearance at 24, 48, 72, and 96 hours poorly predicted hospital and 90-day mortality. Therefore, daily PCT measurement should not be used to predict mortality for patients with cancer and sepsis.
PMID: 31284812 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]