Critically Ill Patients with End-Stage Liver Disease.
Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2019 Aug;37(3):511-527
Authors: Crager S
Patients with end-stage liver disease (ESLD) who require intensive care unit admission have high rates of mortality. This article reviews the pathophysiology and emergency department assessment and management of the most frequent conditions and complications encountered in critically ill ESLD patients including hepatic encephalopathy, gastrointestinal bleeding, sepsis and bacterial peritonitis, hepatorenal syndrome, severe coagulopathy, and hepatic hydrothorax.
PMID: 31262418 [PubMed - in process]