By the Light of Day: Quality, Safety, and Education During the Overnight Admission Handoff.
Cureus. 2019 Apr 23;11(4):e4529
Authors: Devendra GP, Ortiz GM, Haber LA
Background Current duty hour restrictions have led to increased patient handoffs as well as increased use of faculty in the nocturnist role. Nocturnists typically supervise residents and perform direct patient care leading to a diversity of provider experience level during morning handoffs. In this study, we explored how the presence of nocturnists impacts perceptions patient safety, quality, and educational value of morning care transitions. Methods We performed a cross-sectional survey examining the housestaff and attending perceptions of the morning sign-out of overnight admissions from both night float residents and nocturnists in July of 2016. Survey responses were Likert-style format, querying respondents' level of agreement (1-5, strongly disagree to strongly agree) with statements. 108 providers responded (41% response rate) Results Relative to attendings, residents reported feeling like they had less time to ask questions (4.0 vs. 5.0, p < 0.001) and felt less comfortable asking questions of the nocturnist during handoff (4.0 vs. 5.0, p < 0.001). Residents were also less comfortable than attendings in changing a nocturnist's plan of care (4.0 vs. 5.0, p < 0.001). Housestaff reported that receiving signout from the overnight resident was more likely to improve their confidence managing similar conditions (4.0 vs. 3.0, p < 0.001). Conclusion The benefits of nocturnist supervision may come at an educational cost as trainees feel less comfortable asking questions or changing the plan of care. With increasingly prevalent night float systems and nocturnist providers, academic programs have to negotiate the balancing safe and high-quality patient care with creating positive learning environments and clear expectations.
PMID: 31263637 [PubMed]