Clinical Impact of a Pleural Unit in a Tertiary Level Hospital.
Arch Bronconeumol. 2019 Jun 25;:
Authors: Enríquez Rodríguez AI, García Clemente M, Ruiz Álvarez I, Hermida Valverde T, Herrero Huertas J, Arias Guillén M, Madrid Carbajal J, García Alfonso L, Ortiz Reyes AM, Moreda Bernardo A, Pérez Martínez L, Casan Clara P, López González FJ
INTRODUCTION: Pleural disease involves a large number of admissions and long hospital stays. In order to improve this situation, a Pleural Unit (PU) was created in our hospital. Our aim was to analyze the clinical impact of this unit.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this prospective study, we included patients admitted to the PU of the Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias for primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP), secondary spontaneous pneumothorax (SSP), complicated parapneumonic pleural effusion (CPPE), and malignant pleural effusion (MPE) between January 2015 and December 2018. We analyzed descriptive parameters, mean length of stay, readmissions at 1 month, need for surgery, and in the CPPE group, in-hospital mortality. The data were compared with those of patients admitted to the respiratory medicine department for the same diseases during the previous two years (2013-2014). We also describe all procedures performed in the PU, in both inpatients and outpatients.
RESULTS: A total of 741 patients were included, We observed a progressive decrease in total admissions for pleural diseases and mean length of stay (days) (with the exception of MPE), as follows: PSP: from 6.2 to 4.2 (P=.004); SSP: 13.2 to 8.6 (P=.005), MPE: 10.3 to 12.3 (P=.05); and CPPE: 18.3 to 11.3 (P=.001) There was a reduction in hospital readmissions at 1 month and in in-hospital mortality due to CPPE in the PU period (14.9% to 5.5%) (P=.021).
CONCLUSIONS: The creation of a PU could decrease the number of unnecessary admissions, and reduce mean lengths of stay and, in the case of CPPE, in-hospital mortality.
PMID: 31253375 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]