Assessing Extravascular Lung Water With Ultrasound: A Tool to Individualize Fluid Management?
J Intensive Care Med. 2019 Jun 05;:885066619855000
Authors: Nair S, Sauthoff H
Aggressive fluid resuscitation has become standard of care for hypotensive patients with sepsis. However, sepsis is a syndrome that occurs in patients with diverse underlying physiology and a one-size-fits-all approach to fluid administration seems misguided. To individualize fluid management, several methods to assess fluid responsiveness have been validated, but even in fluid responsive patients, fluid administration may still be harmful and lead to pulmonary edema. Hence, to individualize fluid management, in addition to fluid responsiveness, fluid tolerance needs to be assessed. This article examines whether lung ultrasound can be useful to detect excess extravascular lung water (EVLW) and thus assess fluid tolerance. The physiology of EVLW and the principles of lung ultrasound are briefly described. Articles examining the correlation between EVLW and lung ultrasound findings in various clinical settings are carefully reviewed. Overall, lung ultrasound has been found to be an excellent tool to detect EVLW, but large outcome studies investigating lung ultrasound-guided fluid management are still lacking.
PMID: 31167585 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]