Endoscopic Findings in Patients Presenting with Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding.
Cureus. 2019 Mar 19;11(3):e4280
Authors: Mohammad S, Chandio B, Shaikh A, Soomro AA, Rizwan A
INTRODUCTION: Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) is one of the most common and grave emergencies encountered by the emergency medicine doctors. The aim of this study is to assess the endoscopic findings in patients presenting with acute UGIB.
METHODS: This is a retrospective study which included all endoscopy records of the Department of Gastroenterology, Ghulam Mohammad Maher Hospital, Sukkur from 1st January 2017 till 30th June 2018.
RESULTS: There were 100 males (49.3%) and 103 females (50.7%) who underwent endoscopy in the study duration. The mean ± standard deviation (SD) age of the participants was 41.03 ± 14.94 years. Esophageal varices were found in 65% cases. There were more men (68%) with varices than women (32%). Almost 10% patients were with gastric erosions, 9% had antral gastritis, 6.4% had pangastritis, and peptic ulcer disease was found in 5.8% cases.
CONCLUSION: Variceal bleeding is the most common endoscopic finding in the patients with UGIB. Other lesser common causes include erosions of the gastric and esophageal mucosa.
PMID: 31157141 [PubMed]