Legionella co-infection in HIV-associated pneumonia.
Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2019 Mar 14;:
Authors: Head BM, Trajtman A, Bernard K, Burdz T, Vélez L, Herrera M, Rueda ZV, Keynan Y
Due to poor diagnostics and increased co-infections, HIV-associated Legionella infections are underreported. We aimed to retrospectively determine the frequency of Legionella infections in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) from HIV-associated pneumonia patients hospitalized in Medellin, Colombia, between February 2007 and April 2014. Although culture was negative, 17 BAL (36%) were positive for Legionella by quantitative polymerase chain reaction, most of which were in the Mycobacterium tuberculosis or Pneumocystis jirovecii co-infected patients, and included L. anisa (n = 6), L. bozemanae (n = 4), L. pneumophila (n = 3), and L. micdadei (n = 2). All L. bozemanae and L. micdadei associated with Pneumocystis, while all L. pneumophila associated with M. tuberculosis. Legionella probable cases had more complications and higher mortality rates (P = 0.02) and were rarely administered empirical anti-Legionella therapy while in hospital. Clinicians should be aware of the possible presence of Legionella in HIV and M. tuberculosis or P. jirovecii co-infected patients.
PMID: 31072645 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]