Retrievable Inferior Vena Cava Filters: A Tertiary Centre Perspective and Quality Assurance Study.
Can Assoc Radiol J. 2019 May;70(2):193-198
Authors: Hamidizadeh R, Liu D, Khosa F, Chung J, Klass D, Homayoon B
PURPOSE: To conduct a retrospective review and quality assurance study of inferior vena cava (IVC) filter retrieval over a two-year period at a tertiary care centre.
METHODS: Patients who underwent IVC filter placement or retrieval over a two-year period were identified. Medical records were reviewed for patient characteristics, filter indication, time to filter retrieval, and complications.
RESULTS: IVC filters were placed in 229 patients between January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2016. 113 retrievals were attempted and 101 filters were successfully retrieved (89.4%). Median time to first retrieval attempt was 48 days (range of 5-728). Seventy-one patients died in the interval after filter insertion before a retrieval attempt at a median time of 27 days (range of 3-430). In 17 patients, retrieval was complicated by or delayed because of penetration of IVC wall (n = 6), large thrombus burden trapped by filter (n = 5), filter tilt or migration (n = 3), and unclear reasons (n = 3). Time-to-first unsuccessful retrieval attempt was 141 days (median). Of all filters placed, 55.9% were never retrieved. Excluding deceased patients with in-situ filters (n = 71) and unsuccessful retrievals left in-situ as permanent filters (n = 5), there remains 52 patients (33%), with a median filter in-situ time of 488 days.
CONCLUSION: Our study indicates that as many as 33% of patients may have been lost to follow-up of their in-situ IVC filter. Considering widespread reports of long-term complications and the recent safety alert issued by Health Canada, it is evident that a unified strategy is needed to track patients post filter insertion.
PMID: 30600125 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]