Elevated Glycemic Gap Predicts Acute Respiratory Failure and In-hospital Mortality in Acute Heart Failure Patients with Diabetes.
Sci Rep. 2019 Apr 18;9(1):6279
Authors: Liao WI, Wang JC, Lin CS, Yang CJ, Hsu CC, Chu SJ, Chu CM, Tsai SH
Diabetes is a common comorbidity in patients hospitalized for acute heart failure (AHF), but the relationship between admission glucose level, glycemic gap, and in-hospital mortality in patients with both conditions has not been investigated thoroughly. Clinical data for admission glucose, glycemic gap and in-hospital death in 425 diabetic patients hospitalized because of AHF were collected retrospectively. Glycemic gap was calculated as the A1c-derived average glucose subtracted from the admission plasma glucose level. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to determine the optimal cutoff value for glycemic gap to predict all-cause mortality. Patients with glycemic gap levels >43 mg/dL had higher rates of all-cause death (adjusted hazard ratio, 7.225, 95% confidence interval, 1.355-38.520) than those with glycemic gap levels ≤43 mg/dL. The B-type natriuretic peptide levels incorporated with glycemic gap could increase the predictive capacity for in-hospital mortality and increase the area under the ROC from 0.764 to 0.805 (net reclassification improvement = 9.9%, p < 0.05). In conclusion, glycemic gap may be considered a useful parameter for predicting the disease severity and prognosis of patients with diabetes hospitalized for AHF.
PMID: 31000758 [PubMed - in process]