Reported Adverse Drug Reactions During the Use of Corticosteroids in a Tertiary Care Hospital.
Ther Innov Regul Sci. 2019 01;53(1):128-131
Authors: Paradkar S
BACKGROUND: Corticosteroids have been used in numerous medical conditions. Studying the pattern and causality of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) helps us gain greater insight into their prevention, detection, assessment, and treatment. This reduces cost of health care and increases compliance. The study aimed to evaluate the ADRs reported in patients receiving corticosteroids for age, type of reaction, duration of steroid therapy, treatment prescribed for the ADR, and causal relationship of the ADR with the prescribed steroid.
METHODS: ADRs observed in the patients admitted to the hospital wards and reported from October 1, 2015, to January 1, 2016, were studied for age, type of reaction, seriousness of the reaction, duration of steroid therapy, and treatment prescribed for the ADR. Causality assessment was done using the WHO-UMC scale.
RESULTS: A total of 59 ADRs were reported. More than three-fourths (76.6%) were adults. The gastrointestinal system was the most common organ system affected (45.8%), followed by the cardiovascular system (18.6%). The other ADRs affected the psychiatric, dermatologic, musculoskeletal, endocrine, metabolic, and nervous systems. In addition, 3.4% of the ADRs were serious causing disability and prolongation of hospitalization respectively. More than half (57.4%) of the patients were on long-term steroids. Most (91.5%) of the ADRs showed a possible causal relationship, whereas 6.8% showed a probable causal relationship with the prescribed steroid. The causal relationship of one ADR with the prescribed steroid seemed unlikely.
CONCLUSION: The decision to initiate corticosteroids requires careful consideration of relative risks and benefits in each patient. Strategies such as low-dose and alternate day therapy may reduce the incidence of adverse effects.
PMID: 29759019 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]