Association between admission plasma 2-oxoglutarate levels and short-term outcomes in patients with acute heart failure: a prospective cohort study.
Mol Med. 2019 Mar 28;25(1):8
Authors: Peng Z, Zhan Q, Xie X, Li H, Tu Y, Bai Y, Huang X, Lai W, Zhao B, Zeng Q, Xu D
BACKGROUND: 2-oxoglutarate (2OG), an intermediate metabolite in the tricarboxylic acid cycle, has been found to associate with chronic heart failure (HF), but its effect on short-term adverse outcomes in patients with acute HF (AHF) is uncertain.
METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 411 consecutive hospitalized patients with AHF. During hospitalization, fasting plasma samples were collected within the first 24 h of admission. Plasma 2OG levels were measured by hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography-liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (HILIC-LC/MS/MS). All participants were followed up for six months. Multiple logistic regression was used to determine the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for primary outcomes.
RESULTS: The AHF cohort consisted of HF with preserved ejection fraction (EF) (64.7%), mid-range EF (16.1%), and reduced EF (19.2%), the mean age was 65 (±13) years, and 65.2% were male. Participants were divided into two groups based on median 2OG levels (μg/ml): low group (< 6.0, n = 205) and high group (≥6.0, n = 206). There was a relatively modest correlation between 2OG and N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels (r = 0.25; p < 0.001). After adjusting for age, sex, and body mass index, we found that the progression of the NYHA classification was associated with a gradual increase in plasma 2OG levels (p for trend< 0.001). After six months of follow-up, 76 (18.5%) events were identified. A high baseline 2OG level was positively associated with a short-term rehospitalization and all-cause mortality (OR: 2.2, 95% CI 1.3-3.7, p = 0.003), even after adjusting for NT-proBNP and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (OR: 1.9, 95% CI 1.1-3.4, p = 0.032). After a similar multivariable adjustment, the OR was 1.4 (95% CI 1.1-1.7, p = 0.018) for a per-SD increase in 2OG level.
CONCLUSIONS: High baseline 2OG levels are associated with adverse short-term outcomes in patients with AHF independent of NT-proBNP and eGFR. Hence plasma 2OG measurements may be helpful for risk stratification and treatment monitoring in AHF.
TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR-ROC-17011240 . Registered 25 April 2017.
PMID: 30922225 [PubMed - in process]