Clinical and Laboratory Features of Patients with Acquired Thrombotic Thrombocytopaenic Purpura: Fourteen Years of the Milan TTP Registry.
Thromb Haemost. 2019 Mar 12;:
Authors: Mancini I, Pontiggia S, Palla R, Artoni A, Valsecchi C, Ferrari B, Mikovic D, Peyvandi F, Italian Group of TTP Investigators
Acquired thrombotic thrombocytopaenic purpura (TTP) is a rare thrombotic microangiopathy caused by the immune-mediated severe deficiency of ADAMTS13. We hereby report the demographic and disease-related data of acquired TTP patients recorded in the Milan TTP Registry (www.ttpdatabase.org). We performed a cross-sectional study of 302 individuals enrolled in our registry for an acute episode of acquired TTP occurred between 2002 and 2015 (female 77%; median age at onset 40 years, interquartile range: 30-50). Twenty per cent of patients had concomitant autoimmune disorders. Among potential triggers of acute episodes, infections were the most prevalent (27%), followed by estroprogestinics use and pregnancy (5 and 4% of women, respectively). At presentation, systemic (72%), bleeding (68%) and neurological (43%) symptoms were the most frequent, whereas a lower prevalence of renal (18%) and cardiovascular (10%) signs and symptoms was observed. Almost all acute events were treated by plasma exchange and steroids, and 15% by rituximab. Exacerbation of acute TTP occurred in 15% of events. The TTP-related mortality was 5%. In survivors, the median number of plasma exchange procedures to remission was 9 (interquartile range: 6-14), longer for first events than relapses (median difference 3, 95% confidence interval: 2-4). Of 251 survivors of the first TTP episode with at least a 6-month follow-up, 55% had a relapse. In conclusion, acquired TTP is a severe disease with highly variable clinical presentation, usually requiring a long hospitalization. The Milan TTP Registry represents a powerful tool to improve our knowledge and management of acquired TTP.
PMID: 30861548 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]