Adherence to fluid resuscitation guidelines and outcomes in patients with septic shock: Reassessing the "one-size-fits-all" approach.
J Crit Care. 2019 Feb 05;51:94-98
Authors: Truong TN, Dunn AS, McCardle K, Glasser A, Huprikar S, Poor H, Raucher B, Poeran J
OBJECTIVE: The Surviving Sepsis Campaign and Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock Management Bundle (SEP-1) recommend rapid crystalloid infusion (≥30 mL/kg) for patients with sepsis-induced hypoperfusion or septic shock. We aimed to assess compliance with this recommendation, factors associated with non-compliance, and how compliance relates to mortality.
DESIGN: Retrospective, observational study.
SETTING: 1136-bed academic and 235-bed community hospital (January 2015-June 2016).
PATIENTS: Patients with septic shock.
INTERVENTIONS: Crystalloid infusion (≥30 mL/kg) within 6 h of identification of septic shock as required by CMS.
MEASUREMENTS: Associations with compliance and how compliance associates with mortality; odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) reported.
MAIN RESULTS: Overall, 1027 septic shock patients were included. Of these, 486 (47.3%) met the 6-hour 30 ml/kg fluid requirement. Compliance was lower in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) (40.9%), chronic kidney disease (CKD) (42.3%) or chronic liver disease (38.5%) and among those that were identified in the inpatient setting (35.4%) rather than in the emergency department (51.7%). When adjusting for relevant covariates, compliance (compared to non-compliance) was not associated with in-hospital mortality: OR 1.03 CI 0.76-1.41.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings question a "one-size-fits-all" approach to fluid administration and performance measures for patients with sepsis.
PMID: 30784983 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]