Impact of Optimal Medical Therapy at Discharge on 1-year Direct Medical Costs in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndromes: A Retrospective, Observational Database Analysis in China.
Clin Ther. 2019 Feb 12;:
Authors: He X, Wang Y, Cong H, Lu C, Wu J
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to examine the use of optimal medical therapy (OMT), consisting of an antiplatelet, a β-blocker, an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor/angiotensin receptor blocker (ACEI/ARB), and a statin combined, after hospital discharge and its relationship with direct medical costs in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) in Tianjin, China.
METHODS: Data were obtained from the Tianjin Urban Employee Basic Medical Insurance database (2011-2015). Data from adult patients with ≥1 hospitalization for ACS between January 2012 and December 2014 were included. Medications including antiplatelets, β-blockers, ACEIs/ARBs, and statins at discharge were recorded, with OMT defined as the use of all 4 indicated medications. Propensity-score matching was conducted to form matched OMT and non-OMT cohorts based on baseline differences. All-cause and ACS-related health care resource utilization and direct medical costs during a 12-month follow-up period were assessed and compared between cohorts. Generalized linear modeling was conducted to assess the association between OMT at discharge and direct medical costs.
FINDINGS: A total of 22,041 patients were identified (mean age, 64.7 [10.7] years; 45.6% female), of whom 15.1% (3336) received OMT at discharge. The OMT cohort had fewer patients hospitalized for any cause during follow-up compared with the matched non-OMT cohort (38.1% vs 43.2%; P < 0.001), which was further associated with fewer hospitalizations (1.55 vs 1.64; P = 0.019) and shorter annualized length of stay (15.9 vs 17.2 d; P = 0.041). Despite higher costs of outpatient services (9958 vs 10,060 Chinese yuan [CNY] [P = 0.006]; adjusted difference, +456 CNY [P = 0.004]) (year-2014 1 USD = 6.20 CNY), the OMT cohort had significantly lower all-cause total costs (20,771 vs 22,877 CNY [P = 0.174]; adjusted difference, -2089 CNY [P = 0.006]), driven by lower costs of inpatient services (10,813 vs 12,817 CNY [P < 0.001]; adjusted difference, -2184 CNY [P = 0.001]). The difference in ACS-related total costs between the 2 cohorts was not statistically significant (8535 vs 9304 CNY [P = 0.128]; adjusted difference, -558 CNY [P = 0.214]).
IMPLICATIONS: Receiving OMT at discharge was associated with fewer hospitalizations and lower all-cause direct medical costs in these patients with ACS in China. Strategies are needed to improve OMT prescribing rates at discharge, which would lead to better clinical prognosis and total cost-savings among patients with ACS in China. (Clin Ther. 2019;41:XXX-XXX) © 2019 Elsevier Inc.
PMID: 30770126 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]