Constant Observation Practices for Hospitalized Persons With Dementia: A Survey Study.
Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen. 2019 Jan 31;:1533317519826272
Authors: Sinvani L, Strunk A, Patel V, Shah S, Mulvany C, Kozikowski A, Boltz M, Pekmezaris R, Wolf-Klein G
Despite substantial staffing and cost implications, the use of constant observation (CO) has been poorly described in the acute care setting. The purpose of this cross-sectional, multicenter, survey study was to assess hospital provider practices regarding the use of CO. Of the 543 surveys distributed, 231 were completed across 5 sites. Most respondents worked on medical units (67.5%), as nurses (49.1%); 44.8% were white; and 75.6% were female. The majority (84.2%) reported at least 1 patient/wk requiring CO. Most frequent indication for CO was dementia with agitation (60.7%), in patients older than 70 (62.3%) and predominantly by nurse assistants (93.9%). Almost half (47.3%) stated they felt pressured to discontinue CO, despite a strong perceived benefit (76%). Enhanced observation (92.6%) was most frequently used to decrease CO. Finally, 77.9% perceived that those performing CO lacked training. Our study highlights the widespread use of CO for hospitalized older adults with dementia.
PMID: 30704268 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]