Usefulness of qSOFA and SIRS scores for detection of incipient sepsis in general ward patients: A prospective cohort study.
J Crit Care. 2019 Jan 18;51:13-18
Authors: Luo J, Jiang W, Weng L, Peng J, Hu X, Wang C, Liu G, Huang H, Du B
PURPOSE: To prospectively assess the diagnostic value of quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) and systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) scores for sepsis in ward patients with infections.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients admitted with infection or developing infection during hospital stay were included. All variables for calculating qSOFA, SIRS, and SOFA scores were collected, and the maximum scores were determined until hospital discharge, death, or day 28, whichever occurred earlier. The primary outcome was sepsis at 28 days. Diagnostic and prognostic values were assessed using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) with the conventional cutoff value of 2.
RESULTS: Of 409 general ward patients, 146 patients and 371 patients met qSOFA and SIRS criteria, 229 patients developed sepsis. Although qSOFA score had a better overall diagnostic performance of sepsis (AUROC 0.75 vs. 0.69), it had a much lower sensitivity (53% vs. 98%) and higher specificity (87% vs. 18%) than SIRS score. In addition, qSOFA score had a better prognostic value than SIRS score (AUROC 0.86 vs. 0.67).
CONCLUSIONS: Neither SIRS score nor qSOFA score could serve as an ideal screening tool for early identification sepsis, whereas qSOFA score might help to identify patients with higher risk of poor clinical outcome.
TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT 02930070.
PMID: 30685579 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]