Readmissions Following Inpatient Treatment for Opioid-Related Conditions.
Subst Use Misuse. 2019 Jan 08;:1-9
Authors: Blanchard J, Weiss AJ, Barrett ML, Stocks C, Owens PL, Coffey R, Heslin KC
BACKGROUND: Previous research suggests that relatively few hospitalized patients with opioid-related conditions receive substance use treatment during their inpatient stay. Without treatment, these individuals may be more likely to have subsequent hospitalizations for continued opioid use disorder.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between receipt of inpatient drug detoxification and/or rehabilitation services and subsequent opioid-related readmission.
METHODS: This study used combined hospital inpatient discharge and emergency department visit data from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project. Our sample consisted of 329,037 patients from seven states with an opioid-related index hospitalization occurring between March 2010 and September 2013. Multivariate analysis was conducted to examine the relationship between opioid-related readmission and the receipt of inpatient drug detoxification and/or rehabilitation during the index visit.
RESULTS: A relatively small percentage (19.4%) of patients with identified opioid-related conditions received treatment for drug use during their hospital inpatient stay. Patients who received drug rehabilitation, but not drug detoxification, during an opioid-related index hospitalization had lower odds of an opioid-related readmission within 90 days of discharge (odds ratio = 0.60, 95% confidence interval = 0.54-0.67) compared with patients with no inpatient drug detoxification or rehabilitation. Conclusions/Importance: A low percentage of patients receive inpatient services for drug use during an index stay involving an opioid-related diagnosis. Our findings indicate that receipt of drug rehabilitation services in acute care hospitals is associated with a lower 90-day readmission rate. Further research is needed to understand factors associated with the receipt of inpatient services and readmissions.
PMID: 30618327 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]