Defining a 'frequent admitter' phenotype among patients with repeat heart failure admissions.
Eur J Heart Fail. 2018 Dec 13;:
Authors: Go YY, Sellmair R, Allen JC, Sahlén A, Bulluck H, Sim D, Jaufeerally FR, MacDonald MR, Lim ZY, Chai P, Loh SY, Yap J, Lam CSP
AIMS: We aimed to identify a 'frequent admitter' phenotype among patients admitted for acute decompensated heart failure (HF).
METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 10 363 patients in a population-based prospective HF registry (2008-2012), segregated into clusters based on their 3-year HF readmission frequency trajectories. Using receiver-operating characteristic analysis, we identified the index year readmission frequency threshold that most accurately predicts HF admission frequency clusters. Two clusters of HF patients were identified: a high frequency cluster (90.9%, mean 2.35 ± 3.68 admissions/year) and a low frequency cluster (9.1%, mean 0.50 ± 0.81 admission/year). An index year threshold of two admissions was optimal for distinguishing between clusters. Based on this threshold, 'frequent admitters', defined as patients with ≥ 2 HF admissions in the index year (n = 2587), were of younger age (68 ± 13 vs 69 ± 13 years), more often male (58% vs. 54%), smokers (38.4% vs. 34.4%) and had lower left ventricular ejection fraction (37 ± 17 vs. 41 ± 17%) compared to 'non-frequent admitters' (< 2 HF admissions in the index year; n = 7776) (all P < 0.001). Despite similar rates of advanced care utilization, frequent admitters had longer length of stay (median 4.3 vs. 4.0 days), higher annual inpatient costs (€ 7015 vs. € 2967) and higher all-cause mortality at 3 years compared to the non-frequent admitters (adjusted odds ratio 2.33, 95% confidence interval 2.11-2.58; P < 0.001).
CONCLUSION: 'Frequent admitters' have distinct clinical characteristics and worse outcomes compared to non-frequent admitters. This study may provide a means of anticipating the HF readmission burden and thereby aid in healthcare resource distribution relative to the HF admission frequency phenotype.
PMID: 30549171 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]