Impact of socioeconomic status on survival following ST-elevation myocardial infarction in a universal healthcare system.
Int J Cardiol. 2018 Nov 23;:
Authors: Steele L, Palmer J, Lloyd A, Fotheringham J, Iqbal J, Grech ED
BACKGROUND: Lower socioeconomic status (SES) has been associated with worse outcomes after acute myocardial infarction. Data for survival after ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) by SES in the current era of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is more limited.
METHODS: Data was collected for all patients with acute STEMI undergoing primary PCI at The South Yorkshire Cardiothoracic Centre, UK between 2009 and 2014. A Cox regression analysis was used to assess differences in survival by SES quartile (using an area-level measure).
RESULTS: Of the 3126 STEMI patients, 2655 (84.9%) were first presentations of STEMI. Lower SES groups generally had a less favourable baseline cardiovascular risk factor profile, with higher rates of smoking (p = 0.001), diabetes (p = 0.007) and previous coronary heart disease (p = 0.025). With the exception of beta-blockers, the use of secondary preventative medications was similar between SES quartiles. Adjusting for age and gender, the most disadvantaged SES quartile trended to a non-significant increased mortality at 30 days (hazard ratio 1.35 (0.79-2.33)), 1 year (1.12 (0.76-1.65)), or 3 years (1.22 (0.88-1.70)) compared to the least disadvantaged SES quartile, but this was attenuated by adjusting for additional cardiovascular risk factors and medication use on discharge.
CONCLUSIONS: In this large study of unselected STEMI patients managed by primary PCI, we did not find any significant differences in survival by SES at 30 days, 1 year, or 3 years.
PMID: 30514579 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]