The Prevention and Management of Contrast-induced Acute Kidney Injury: A Mini-review of the Literature.
Cureus. 2018 Sep 11;10(9):e3284
Authors: Ali A, Bhan C, Malik MB, Ahmad MQ, Sami SA
Contrast-induced acute kidney injury, also called contrast-induced nephropathy, is one of the main causes of acute renal failure/acute kidney injury (AKI) in hospitalized patients within 48 to 72 hours of contrast media administration during various radiologic procedures. Several factors can be responsible for contrast-induced acute tubular necrosis (ATN); however, patient and procedure-related factors play the lead role in determining the development of contrast-induced nephropathy. There is no definitive treatment and hydration remains the mainstay preventive strategy. This article will review the incidence, criteria for definitive diagnosis, and an effective approach on how to prevent contrast-induced nephropathy in a clinical setup.
PMID: 30443454 [PubMed]