Neurol Clin. 2018 Nov;36(4):789-808
Authors: Montavo M, Cho TA
Infectious diseases are an important cause of spinal cord dysfunction. Infectious myelopathies are of growing concern given increasing global travel and migration and expanding prevention and treatment with vaccinations, antibiotics, and antiretrovirals. Clinicians must recognize these pathologies because outcomes can dramatically improve with prompt diagnosis and management. We provide a complete review of the most frequent infectious agents that can affect the spinal cord. For each pathogen we describe epidemiology, pathophysiology, anatomic location, characteristic clinical syndromes, diagnostic approach, treatment, and prognosis. The review includes spinal imaging from selected cases.
PMID: 30366555 [PubMed - in process]