Efficacy of Direct Acting Oral Anticoagulant Drugsin Treatment of Left Atrial Appendage Thrombusin Patients With Atrial Fibrillation.
Am J Cardiol. 2018 Sep 26;:
Authors: Fleddermann A, Eckert R, Muskala P, Hayes C, Magalski A, Main ML
Direct acting oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are increasingly used for thromboembolic prophylaxis in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, there is limited data to evaluate the use of DOACs for the treatment of pre-existing left atrial appendage thrombus. We aimed to determine the efficacy of DOACs in treatment of left atrial appendage (LAA) thrombus utilizing transesophageal echocardiographic (TEE) and clinical outcomes. In this single-center study, we identified 33 patients that were treated for LAA thrombus with DOAC. Eighteen were treated with apixaban, 10 with dabigatran, and 5 with rivaroxaban. The primary endpoint was defined as resolution of LAA thrombus (in patients undergoing TEE), or death, major bleeding requiring transfusion, intracranial hemorrhage, ischemic stroke, or peripheral embolization. In this study, 15 of the 16 patients treated with DOACs who underwent follow-up TEE had resolution of LAA thrombus, with a mean duration of 112 days. Of the 15 patients who achieved resolution of the LAA thrombus, 14 had resolution by their first follow-up TEE. In the 17 patients without a follow-up TEE, 1 died of a retroperitoneal bleed (28 days after DOAC initiation), and 1 suffered an ischemic stroke (484 days after DOAC initiation). In general, patients without a follow-up TEE were older and had more co-morbidities. Although these results are descriptive and limited in number of patients, we believe this is ample evidence that DOACs are relatively safe and efficacious in treatment of patients with AF and concomitant LAA thrombus.
PMID: 30376957 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]