Syncope in haemodynamically stable and unstable patients with acute pulmonary embolism - Results of the German nationwide inpatient sample.
Sci Rep. 2018 Oct 25;8(1):15789
Authors: Keller K, Hobohm L, Münzel T, Ostad MA, Espinola-Klein C
Syncope in pulmonary embolism (PE) could be the first sign of haemodynamic compromise. We aimed to investigate pathomechanisms of syncope and its impact on mortality. For this study, patients (aged ≥ 18years) were selected by screening the German nationwide inpatient sample for PE and stratified included patients by syncope (2011-2014). We analysed predictors of syncope in haemodynamically stable PE. Impact of syncope on in-hospital mortality in haemodynamically stable and unstable PE and benefit of systemic thrombolysis in haemodynamically stable PE with syncope (PE + Syncope) were analyzed. The German nationwide inpatient sample comprised 293,640 (84.9%) haemodynamically stable and 52,249 (15.1%) unstable PE patients; among them 2.3% had syncope. Right ventricular dysfunction (RVD) was a key predictor for syncope. In-hospital mortality-rate was lower in haemodynamically stable (6.4% vs. 7.6%, P < 0.001) and unstable PE + Syncope than in PE-Syncope (48.4% vs. 55.5%, P < 0.001) with reduced risk for in-hospital death in stable (OR 0.68 (95%CI 0.61-0.75), P < 0.001) and unstable (OR 0.69 (95% CI 0.62-0.78), P < 0.001) inpatients independent of age and sex. Haemodynamically stable PE + Syncope patients were more often treated with systemic thrombolysis (3.1% vs. 2.1%, P < 0.001). Systemic thrombolysis was associated with reduced in-hospital mortality in haemodynamically stable PE + Syncope (1.9% vs. 6.6%, P = 0.004) independently of age, RVD and tachycardia (OR 0.30 (95%CI 0.11-0.82), P = 0.019). In conclusion, in-hospital mortality was 6.4% in haemodynamically stable PE + Syncope. Haemodynamically stable PE + Syncope patients were more often treated with systemic thrombolysis and showed a trend to improved survial.
PMID: 30361542 [PubMed - in process]