Impact of Dialysis Requirement in Community-acquired Pneumonia Hospitalizations.
Cureus. 2018 Aug 20;10(8):e3164
Authors: Mansuri U, Patel AA, Dave M, Chauhan K, Shah AS, Banala R, Ali D, Kamal S, Verma P, Ahmed S, Maiyani P, Pathak AC, Rahman S, Savani S, Pandya S, Nadkarni G
Background Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common cause of hospitalization. While there are single-center studies on acute kidney injury requiring dialysis (AKI-D) and CAP, data on national trends and outcomes regarding AKI-D in CAP hospitalizations is lacking. Methods We utilized the Nationwide Inpatient Sample to analyze trends overall and within subgroups. We also utilized multivariate regression to adjust for potential confounders of annual trends and to generate adjusted odds ratios (aOR) for predictors and outcomes, including mortality and adverse discharge. Results There were 11,500,456 pneumonia hospitalizations between 2002 and 2013, of which 3675 (0.3%) were complicated by AKI-D. The AKI-D rate increased from 2.7/1000 hospitalizations in 2002 to 4.3/1000 hospitalizations in 2013. The rate of increase was higher in males and African Americans. Although temporal changes in demographics and comorbidities explained a substantial proportion, they could not explain the entire trend. The predictor with the highest odds of AKI-D required mechanical ventilation during hospitalization (aOR 12.47; 95% CI 11.66-13.34). Other significant predictors included sepsis (aOR 4.37; 95% CI 4.09-4.66), heart failure (aOR 2.40; 95% CI 2.25-2.55), and chronic kidney disease (CKD) (aOR 2.00; 95% CI 1.86-2.16). AKI-D was associated with increased in-hospital mortality (aOR 3.08; 95% CI 2.88-3.30) and adverse discharge (aOR 2.09; 95% CI 1.92-2.26). Although adjusted mortality decreased per year, attributable mortality remained stable. Conclusion Pneumonia hospitalizations complicated by AKI-D have increased with a differential increase by demographic groups. AKI-D is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. In the absence of effective AKI-D therapies, the focus should be on early risk stratification and prevention to avoid this devastating complication.
PMID: 30357013 [PubMed]