Safety of Alpha Adrenergic Receptor Antagonists in Heart Failure.

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Safety of Alpha Adrenergic Receptor Antagonists in Heart Failure.

JACC Heart Fail. 2018 Oct 05;:

Authors: Jackevicius CA, Ghaznavi Z, Lu L, Warner AL

OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated whether alpha-blocker (AB) use following an admission for heart failure (HF) was associated with an increased risk of HF readmission or death.
BACKGROUND: ABs, found to increase the risk of HF in the ALLHAT (Antihypertensive and Lipid Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial) trial, are commonly used for prostatic hypertrophy, including in those with or at risk for HF.
METHODS: This propensity score-matched cohort study included patients discharged from a Veterans Affairs hospital between January 2002 and September 2015 with a primary diagnosis of HF and ascertained AB use at discharge. Cox proportional hazards models were constructed to compare time to first HF readmission and death at 2 years between groups. Secondary analyses assessed effects by AB dose and type and by beta-blocker (BB) use.
RESULTS: Of 169,911 HF patients, 47,638 (28%) were prescribed an AB. Propensity score matching resulted in 35,713 matched pairs. In the propensity score-matched cohort, AB use was associated with fewer HF readmissions (39.8% vs. 41.7% at 2 years; hazard ratio: 0.95; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.92 to 0.97; p < 0.0001) and death (42.8% vs. 46.5%, hazard ratio: 0.93; 95% CI: 0.91 to 0.94; p < 0.0001). Nonselective ABs had fewer deaths and HF readmissions (p < 0.0001), while higher AB doses reduced mortality (p < 0.0001). AB treatment was associated with reduced deaths in both BB-treated and untreated patients, with no increase in HF.
CONCLUSIONS: Treatment of HF patients with an AB was not associated with a higher but instead with a lower rate of HF readmission and death. Higher doses and nonselective ABs were also associated with lower mortality, regardless of BB use. ABs may be used safely in HF patients where clinically indicated. The finding of improved outcomes with ABs may warrant further study.

PMID: 30316936 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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