Impact of nighttime Rapid Response Team activation on outcomes of hospitalized patients with acute deterioration.
Crit Care. 2018 Mar 14;22(1):67
Authors: Fernando SM, Reardon PM, Bagshaw SM, Scales DC, Murphy K, Shen J, Tanuseputro P, Heyland DK, Kyeremanteng K
BACKGROUND: Rapid Response Teams (RRTs) are groups of healthcare providers that are used by many hospitals to respond to acutely deteriorating patients admitted to the wards. We sought to identify outcomes of patients assessed by RRTs outside standard working hours.
METHODS: We used a prospectively collected registry from two hospitals within a single tertiary care-level hospital system between May 1, 2012, and May 31, 2016. Patient information, outcomes, and RRT activation information were stored in the hospital data warehouse. Comparisons were made between RRT activation during daytime hours (0800-1659) and nighttime hours (1700-0759). The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality, analyzed using a multivariable logistic regression model.
RESULTS: A total of 6023 RRT activations on discrete patients were analyzed, 3367 (55.9%) of which occurred during nighttime hours. Nighttime RRT activation was associated with increased odds of mortality, as compared with daytime RRT activation (adjusted OR 1.34, 95% CI 1.26-1.40, P = 0.02). The time periods associated with the highest odds of mortality were 0600-0700 (adjusted OR 1.30, 95% CI 1.09-1.61) and 2300-2400 (adjusted OR 1.34, 95% CI 1.01-1.56). Daytime RRT activation was associated with increased odds of intensive care unit admission (adjusted OR 1.40, 95% CI 1.31-1.50, P = 0.02). Time from onset of concerning symptoms to RRT activation was shorter among patients assessed during daytime hours (P < 0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: Acutely deteriorating ward patients assessed by an RRT at nighttime had a higher risk of in-hospital mortality. This work identifies important shortcomings in health service provision and quality of care outside daytime hours, highlighting an opportunity for quality improvement.
PMID: 29534744 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]