Outcomes with newly proposed classification of acute respiratory deterioration in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
Respir Med. 2018 Oct;143:147-152
Authors: Teramachi R, Kondoh Y, Kataoka K, Taniguchi H, Matsuda T, Kimura T, Yokoyama T, Yamano Y, Furukawa T, Sakamoto K, Hashimoto N, Hasegawa Y
BACKGROUND: Respiratory-related hospitalization, in particular acute exacerbation of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (AE-IPF), is common and associated with increasing mortality in patients with IPF. We aimed to evaluate the implications of a newly proposed framework of acute respiratory deterioration (ARD) and AE-IPF in hospitalized patients.
METHODS: Using the data of an IPF cohort consisting of 225 consecutive patients, we retrospectively studied first hospitalizations from January 2008 to December 2017. We analysed the demographics and 90-day mortality of patients with AE-IPF and those with parenchymal cause of ARD other than AE.
RESULTS: Among 122 patients with first hospitalization for ARD, 35 patients were diagnosed with AE-IPF, including 11 patients with triggered AE. Parenchymal cause of ARD other than AE was diagnosed in 71 patients, and extra-parenchymal cause in 16 patients. Almost all hospitalized patients (93%) underwent chest CT, and 83% of patients with AE-IPF underwent bronchoalveolar lavage. There was a significant difference in the anti-inflammatory therapy between the AE-IPF group and parenchymal cause of ARD other than AE group (p < 0.001). AE-IPF was independently associated with poor survival in multivariate Cox proportional regression analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: AE-IPF accounted for about 30% of first hospitalizations for ARD, and differentiation between AE-IPF and the other categories in ARD is important from a therapeutic and a prognostic point of view.
PMID: 30261987 [PubMed - in process]