Procalcitonin (PCT) Predicts Worse Outcome in Patients with Chronic Heart Failure with Reduced Ejection Fraction (HFrEF).
Dis Markers. 2018;2018:9542784
Authors: Banach J, Wołowiec Ł, Rogowicz D, Gackowska L, Kubiszewska I, Gilewski W, Michałkiewicz J, Sinkiewicz W
Introduction: Procalcitonin (PCT) is an excellent marker of sepsis but was not extensively studied in cardiology. The present study investigated PCT plasma concentration in patients with chronic heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and its prognostic value during 24-month follow-up.
Material and Methods: Study group consisted of 130 patients with HFrEF (LVEF ≤ 45%) and 32 controls. PCT level was assessed on admission in all patients. Telephone follow-up was performed every three months over a period of 2 years. Endpoints were death of all causes and readmission for HFrEF exacerbation.
Results: HFrEF patients had significantly higher PCT concentration than controls (166.95 versus 22.15 pg/ml; p < 0.001). Individuals with peripheral oedema had increased PCT comparing to those without oedema (217.07 versus 152.12 pg/ml; p < 0.02). In ROC analysis, PCT turned out to be a valuable diagnostic marker of HFrEF (AUC 0.91; p < 0.001). Kaplan-Meier survival curves revealed that patients with PCT in the 4th quartile had significantly lower probability of survival than those with PCT in the 1st and 2nd quartiles. In univariate, but not multivariate, analysis, procalcitonin turned out to be a significant predictor of death during 24-month follow-up. (HR 1.002; 95% CI 1.000-1.003; p < 0.03).
Conclusions: Elevated PCT concentration may serve as another predictor of worse outcome in patients with HFrEF.
PMID: 30245756 [PubMed - in process]