Thirty-day hospital readmission rate amongst older adults correlates with an increased number of medications, but not with Beers medications.
Geriatr Gerontol Int. 2018 Sep 17;:
Authors: Basnet S, Zhang M, Lesser M, Wolf-Klein G, Qiu G, Williams M, Pekmezaris R, DiMarzio P
AIM: We sought to explore the relationship between the number of medications at hospital discharge and 30-day rehospitalization in older adults aged >65 years.
METHODS: This was a multicenter cohort study to determine whether an increased number of medications was associated with 30-day rehospitalization in patients aged >65 years. We explored the relationship between rehospitalization and other risk factors. Data were collected from a large health system in the New York metropolitan area from September 2011 to January 2013. The primary outcome was 30-day hospital readmission from the index hospitalization.
RESULTS: Patients had a mean ± SD age of 78 ± 9 years; 55% were women. The average length of stay after discharge from the hospital was 6 days. An increased number of medications was significantly associated with unplanned 30-day hospital readmission (P < 0.05). For each medication, the risk of rehospitalization increased by 4% (OR 1.04, 95% CI 1.03, 1.05). Patients discharged to rehabilitation centers were 32% more likely to be readmitted than patients discharged home (OR 1.39, 95% CI 1.27-1.51). Other risk factors significantly associated with 30-day rehospitalization were: cancer, intensive care unit, chronic heart failure, renal diseases and peripheral vascular diseases. Hypertension was negatively associated with 30-day unplanned rehospitalization (OR 0.88, 95% CI 0.82-0.95). No significant association between the number of Beers medications and 30-day rehospitalization was observed, after controlling for the number of medications and other covariates.
CONCLUSIONS: The number of discharge medications was significantly associated with 30-day hospital readmission among older adult patients. Important risk factors for 30-day rehospitalization were discharge location, cancer, intensive care unit, chronic heart failure, renal diseases and peripheral vascular diseases. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2018; ••: ••-••.
PMID: 30225904 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]