D-Dimer Levels and Effect of Rivaroxaban on Those Levels and Outcomes in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome (An ATLAS ACS-TIMI 46 Trial Substudy).
Am J Cardiol. 2018 Aug 04;:
Authors: AlKhalfan F, Kerneis M, Nafee T, Yee MK, Chi G, Plotnikov A, Braunwald E, Gibson CM
D-dimer has been used as both a diagnostic and prognostic biomarker in the assessment of patients with venous thromboembolism, but its prognostic value in the setting of arterial acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and the ability of pharmacotherapy to reduce D-dimer in ACS is less well characterized. It was hypothesized that elevated baseline D-dimer would be associated with poor clinical outcomes in ACS, and that Factor Xa inhibition with Rivaroxaban would reduce D-dimer acutely and chronically. The ATLAS ACS TIMI-46 trial assessed the safety and efficacy of rivaroxaban compared with placebo in ACS patients. A subset of subjects had a D-dimer measured at baseline (n = 1,834, 52.5%). A univariate and multivariable logistic regression assessed the relation between baseline D-dimer and a composite end point of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke through 6 months. The Wilcoxon rank sum test was used to compare change in D-dimer level between the treatment groups from baseline. Baseline D-dimer was associated with the composite efficacy outcome in a univariate logistic regression (odds ratio 1.15, 95% confidence interval 1.03 to 1.29, p = 0.015) and a multivariable logistic regression (odds ratio 1.13, 95% confidence interval 1.00 to 1.28, p = 0.048). Rivaroxaban administration lowered D-dimer levels compared wth placebo after administration of the first dose of study drug (p = 0.026), at day 30 (p < 0.001) and day 180 (p < 0.001). In conclusion, elevated baseline D-dimer was associated with an increased risk of the composite outcome within 6 months of the ACS event and administration of the Factor Xa inhibitor rivaroxaban was associated with lower D-dimer levels compared with placebo after the first dose, at day 30 and day 180.
PMID: 30217378 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]