Does Fluid Type and Amount Affect Kidney Function in Critical Illness?
Crit Care Clin. 2018 Apr;34(2):279-298
Authors: Glassford NJ, Bellomo R
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common, although commonly used clinical diagnostic markers are imperfect. Intravenous fluid administration remains a cornerstone of therapy worldwide, but there is minimal evidence of efficacy for the use of fluid bolus therapy outside of specific circumstances, and emerging evidence associates fluid accumulation with worse renal outcomes and even increased mortality among critically ill patients. Artificial colloid solutions have been associated with harm, and chloride-rich solutions may adversely affect renal function. Large trials to provide guidance regarding the optimal fluid choices to prevent or ameliorate AKI, and promote renal recovery, are urgently required.
PMID: 29482907 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]