Implementation of Best Practice Alert in an Electronic Medical Record to Limit Lower-Value Inpatient Echocardiograms.
Am J Cardiol. 2018 Aug 03;:
Authors: Fleddermann A, Jones S, James S, Kennedy KF, Main ML, Austin BA
There are increasing efforts nationally and at our institution to reduce lower-value care, including some use of imaging studies such as transthoracic echocardiography (TTE). In an effort to avoid repeating unnecessary studies on inpatients who recently underwent TTE, we implemented a best practice alert (BPA) in our electronic health record to notify ordering clinicians that a TTE had been performed in the past 6 months. The BPA requires the ordering clinician to acknowledge the alert and provide a reason for proceeding with the order and provides a link to ASE AUC criteria. Data on initial use were reviewed after approximately 6 months (February 16, 2017 to September 12, 2017.) This included review of the number of TTE orders removed, number reordered within the same day, subspecialty of ordering clinician, type of ordering clinician (MD vs NP, and so on), and length of stay in patients with orders that were confirmed versus removed. Independent t tests, Chi-square, and Fisher's exact tests were used for analysis. Over 209 days, the BPA triggered 3,226 times with 20% of these TTEs cancelled by the ordering clinician and remaining cancelled after 24 hours. There were no statistically significant differences in the proportion of removed TTE orders between subspecialties or types of clinician (p = 0.144.) There was no statistically significant difference in the length of stay in patients with orders kept (9.2 days) compared with orders cancelled (10.5 days). An electronic health record alert triggered by an order for an inpatient TTE within 6 months of a previous study effectively reduced study volume by 20%.
PMID: 30172364 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]