Failures in the Respectful Care of Critically Ill Patients.

Link to article at PubMed

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Failures in the Respectful Care of Critically Ill Patients.

Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2018 Aug 28;:

Authors: Law AC, Roche S, Reichheld A, Folcarelli P, Cocchi MN, Howell MD, Sands K, Stevens JP

BACKGROUND: The emotional toll of critical illness on patients and their families can be profound and is emerging as an important target for value improvement. One source of emotional harm to patients and families may be care perceived as inadequately respectful. The prevalence and risk factors for types of emotional harms is under-studied.
METHODS: This prospective cohort study was conducted in nine ICUs at a tertiary care academic medical center in the United States. Prevalence of inadequate respect for (a) the patient and (b) the family, as well as prevalence of perceived lack of control over the care of their loved ones, was assessed by the Family Satisfaction with Care in the Intensive Care Unit instrument. The relationship between these outcomes with demographic and clinical covariates was assessed. Stratification by patient survivorship was performed in sensitivity analysis.
RESULTS: Of more than 1,500 respondents, 16.9% and 21.8% reported that the patient or the family member, respectively, received inadequate respect. No clinical characteristics of the patients were associated with inadequate respect for either the patient or the family member. By comparison, more than half of respondents reported a lack of control over their loved one's care; this finding was associated with multiple clinical factors. Prevalence and associated factors differed by patient survivorship status.
CONCLUSION: Care that is inadequately respectful to patients and families in the setting of critical illness is prevalent but does not appear to be associated with clinical characteristics. The incidence of such emotional harms is nuanced, difficult to predict, and deserves further investigation.

PMID: 30170754 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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