Pneumococcal sepsis requiring mechanical ventilation: Cohort study in 38 patients with rapid progression to septic shock.
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2018 Aug 21;:
Authors: Ursin Rein P, Jacobsen D, Ormaasen V, Dunlop O
BACKGROUND: The aim was to study the course of severe pneumococcal sepsis in patients who rapidly developed septic shock with multiorgan failure.
METHODS: Combined retrospective and prospective cohort study of all patients with pneumococcal sepsis requiring mechanical ventilation admitted to our Medical Intensive Care Unit at Oslo University Hospital Ullevaal, during an 8-year period (01 January 2016 to 31 December 2013). The inclusion criteria were growth of Streptococcus pneumoniae in blood culture and respiratory failure treated with invasive mechanical ventilation.
RESULTS: Thirty-eight patients were included. Median age was 57 years (interquartile range 49-68, range 22-79). For 84% (32/38), it took <24 hours from the first medical evaluation until they were in septic shock. Initial clinical features were variable; none were treated with antibiotics before hospital admission. Median Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score at admission was 11 (range 1-15) and maximum 15 (range 5-22), all patients developed multiorgan failure. Mutilating complications were seen in 47% (18/38) of the patients: six with amputations, 11 had adverse neurological complications and one patient both. In-hospital mortality was 40% (15/38), 20% (8/38) survived with sequelae and 40% (15/38) returned to their habitual state. Poor outcome was associated with meningitis, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and gastrointestinal symptoms.
CONCLUSION: In this patient cohort with pneumococcal sepsis and respiratory failure rapid development of septic shock was seen in all cases, even in young healthy individuals. Initial clinical features were variable; none were treated with antibiotics before admission. Mortality was high (40%), as was morbidity with limb amputations and neurological complications.
PMID: 30132782 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]