Venous Thromboembolism in Special Populations: Preexisting Cardiopulmonary Disease, Cirrhosis, End-Stage Renal Disease, and Asplenia.
Clin Chest Med. 2018 Sep;39(3):515-524
Authors: Nguyen Q, Rivera-Lebron BN
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality. Presence of preexisting conditions, such as cardiopulmonary diseases, cirrhosis, renal dysfunction, and asplenia, commonly occurs in VTE patients. Moreover, these conditions often are risk factors for developing VTE. These preexisting conditions make VTE diagnosis and treatment challenging and worsen outcomes. Current guidelines do not include detailed features in the diagnosis and management of patients with preexisting conditions. This review discusses presence of VTE in patients with preexisting cardiopulmonary diseases, cirrhosis, renal dysfunction, and asplenia.
PMID: 30122176 [PubMed - in process]